International Humanitarian Law

New Challenges to the Classification of Armed Conflicts  by Divya Sharma, Student at University of Kent
The definition of armed conflicts has drastically changed under the realm of International Humanitarian Law. The introduction of new state and non-state actors poses different challenges to the classification of armed conflicts. 

Cyber Influence and IHL by Madhura Sapkal, Student at Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai
Cyber Warfare has emerged as the fifth military domain following land, air, sea and space. A cyber domain that includes social media can be extremely crucial in times of war. The power social media holds of impacting the population can be seen from the Cambridge Analytica. Also, the disinformation shared can have devastating effects if not taken care of. The aim of this blog is to explore the issue of disinformation from the perspective of armed conflict. The blog will also discuss lacunas in the law and future challenges that this issue is likely to face.

IHL Rules for Protecting Persons living in the territory under the control of non-state armed groups by Divya Sharma, Student at University of Kent 
Unlike in international armed conflict, there is no law of occupation for non- international armed conflict, meaning there are no IHL rules explicitly designed to regulate the relationship between non-State armed groups and persons living under their control. However, IHL rules are applicable to provide protection to persons living under control of NSAG’s. This blog focuses on the determination of the IHL rules given to protect persons living under the territory of the controlled non-state armed groups.

Urban Warfare: Principle of Protection of Civilians and Afghan Warfare by Madhura Sapkal, Student at Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai
In the contemporary era, the nature of warfare has changed and it shifted to urban areas affecting the civilian population. Since the time of the World Wars, cities have been targeted and severely affected by the wars. In such armed conflict, what protection is provided to the civilian population. The blog will also look into the effects and challenges of urban warfare with the help of a case study.

Defining Armed Conflict under IHL: Importance of Classification by Madhura Sapkal, Student at Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai
Defining armed conflict decides whether International Humanitarian Law will be applicable or not. But IHL doe not provide a legal definition of armed conflict and rather divides the armed conflict into two categories i.e. International Armed Conflict (IAC) and Non-International Armed Conflict (NIAC). The blog will discuss the importance of defining and classifying armed conflict. Further, it will look into the scope of application and give concluding remarks.

IHL Application on the Potential Use of Weapons in Outer Space by Divya Sharma, Student at University of Kent 
Since the 1950s, with the development and successful launch of different spacecraft such as satellites, humankind began to enter the vast outer space. The space is extensive and boundless, and it can provide us a wide field of vision. Many countries
explored outer-space for military purposes from the start. In this article we look into
IHL rules surrounding outer space warfare.

Protection of the Environment in Armed Conflicts: Legal Analysis by Madhura Sapkal, Student at Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai
Until the 1970s, the environment was not the concern of IHL. In situations of armed conflict, human life is disturbed and the environment is also damaged which contributes heavily to the pollution. It is impossible to avoid environmental damage completely, but legal measures can definitely be taken to mitigate the damage. This blog will aim to provide the currently available legal measures for the protection of the environment in times of war. Also, it will look into the challenges and effectiveness of the legal framework.